Category Archives: Winter 2003 (10/30/03)

No Way FTAA

Miami, Florida is hosting the 8th round of the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) trade negotiations and 8th American Business Forum in November. Trade ministers from 34 nations in the Western hemisphere, and hundreds of their closest commerce-inclined friends, will descent on this city for a week of business and pleasure: the business of advancing capitalism’s parasitic agenda, and the pleasure of getting away with it. At the Summit of Americas held in Miami in 1994, 34 heads of state agreed to construct the FTAA. Since then business and government representatives from these countries have been secretly drafting this plan with the aim of creating the largest free trading block in the world by 2005. This is to be our region’s principal contribution to the much-heralded age of globalization: did someone say “free trade”?

“Free” trade only benefits a small number or corporations. “Free” trade means not having to pay tariffs that are designed to make trade fair. The FTAA will privatize and degrade all municipal services including: education, health, water, sewer and energy. It will increase corporate farms and marginalize small producers, adding to unemployment and poverty. The FTAA will sacrifice human rights and violate the basic principals of democracy, destroy living wage ordinances, as well as destroy environmental protection laws and prohibit animal welfare legislation.

The FTAA expands the corporate free trade policies of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) which applied to Canada, Mexico and the United States to encompass the entire Western Hemisphere. It is an integral part of the logic of capitalist globalization, generating profits while at the same time accelerating the loss of workers’ rights wage decreases, the triumph of corporate agribusiness over family and subsistence farms, environmental degradation, the displacement of indigenous people and the privatization of public industries. Alongside the imposition of militarization and natural resource-focused accords like Plan Columbia, the Andean Regional Initiative, Plan Puebla Panama and the Central America Free Trade Agreement, the FTAA is designed to concentrate wealth and power into a few corporate hands at the expense of everyone else.

Mobilize for Miami!

Come to Miami in November, and this is what you will see. Besides being a teaming crock pot of vibrant cultures and ethnicities, the division among classes and races is stark and deep. There’s a lot of unemployment and underemployment, gentrification and displacement. Miami is also home to the largest pro-war, pro-Bush demonstrations in the US. Residents of what is touted as the poorest large urban center in the United States will foot a good portion of the $16 million it will cost to host the meeting. Further, they will be asked, for a week, to patiently bear the militarization of the city’s downtown — miles of barricades, public transportation and movement restrictions, columns of roving paramilitary — while the local and international elite go about their high-stakes business of negotiating details that will impact the lives of everyone in the hemisphere. This is where we come in. We’re calling for creative, decentralized, autonomous actions in response to the FTAA ministerial November 20-21, 2003.

Delay, disrupt and topple the FTAA meetings. Shut them down.

Thou Shalt Not, in Miami

Cities have passed ordinances to restrict the rights of demonstrators before, but Miami is getting pretty ridiculous. Pretty soon they’ll be outlawing unbleached tampons. We’re not sure if they’ll pass this ordinance in its proposed form, but we thought you should know what’s on the table.

“This is an ordinance of the Miami City Commission, Amending Chapter 45 of the Code of the City of Miami, Florida, as Amended, entitled ‘Streets and Sidewalks,’ to establish reasonable time, place and manner regulations concerning materials and objects that may be possessed, carried or used by those participating in parades and demonstrations, and providing for sunset of said regulations at Midnight on Thursday, November 27, 2003.”

The City Council of Miami professes that it wishes to “ensure the safety and security of those viewing, attending or participating in parades, and the public officials and employees responsible for handling or overseeing such events on public property in Miami., to reduce or avoid the possibility of personal injury and property damage.” Since they’ve heard that the “potential exists of civil disturbance and unrest during certain upcoming events” (did they guess right!), they’re suggesting these changes to parade regulations:

It shall be unlawful for a person

1) to carry or possess any weapon (loaded or unloaded), as a pistol, rifle, stick pole, explosives, paintball gun…

2)to carry a sign…unless…constructed solely of cloth, paper or cardboard no greater than 1/4 inch in thickness…

3)to carry or possess any length of lumber, wood or wood lath unless is 1/4 inch in thickness…

4)to carry or possess any length of metal, plastic or similar hard, stiff material…

5-8)…to carry…glass containers… balloons…projectiles…

9)to carry or possess spray paint cans…

10)to carry or possess projectile launchers (slingshots??!!)…

11)…gas masks…

12)…improvised body armor…

13)…sleeping dragon device…or other locking device…

So friends, it’s wacky. We aren’t permitted to parade freely anymore, which makes taking back the streets twice as important. Freedom of speech, free of assembly…they’ll go after it all. Be heard! Resist! Rise up!

Blackout

It was about 4:20pm when the power first went down, I was sitting on the 4th floor of the ABC No Rio building in the computer lab. Every thing went down except for the fan and a light bulb in the stairwell, which continued to run on residual power for about one minute before dying. We assumed it was just local and would only be a matter of waiting an hour or two.

I’m not sure when the scope of it really hit me. I was walking up toward Ave. A to find some food when the city’s mood suddenly reminded me of the morning of September 11, 2001. Crowds of people were listening to radio news on blasting car stereos. All the street lights were out, creating the effect of cars and trucks becoming more cautious while bikes and pedestrians seemingly “jaywalked” with reckless abandon.

More and more people were out on the street as the evening set in. All of the trains were out of service. All the bridges off Manhattan were open to pedestrian traffic and many people living in Brooklyn, Queens and the Bronx made the long walk back home. Seeing the endless flood of people walk off the Manhattan Bridge into Brooklyn with a bridge sign stating: “BROOKLYN: WHERE NEW YORK BEGINS” was a magnificent sight.

As a squatter, I was overjoyed at the idea of the entire city being reduced to candle light. I was also quite pleased to see how friendly and neighborly people behaved. Several people and even some restaurants were giving away food that would have rotted otherwise. My friends and I dumpstered gallons of “trademark” ice cream that would have melted had we not passed it out at Tompkins Square Park. Later in the night people built a bon fire in the performance area near the center of the park. The fire was fueled by the wooden barriers that had been built around the trees to keep people from climbing them. The party went on much into the morning and people openly slept in the park.

I heard many stories of people not being allowed into their hotel rooms because no one could confirm who rented what room. There was very little looting; in fact Times Square was reportedly festive all night with drinking and street performers filling up the street.

The lights came on in the east between 9 and 10. People in the park were hollering, bellowing and booing. I chimed in. The east village was one of the last parts of Manhattan to be put back on the grid. It was an amazing energy and people remained in good spirits for sometime after.

We can learn from this, but learn what? What effect does electricity have on the human body or society in general? Does the earth benefit from having miles upon miles of electrical wire wrapped around it? Why celebrate in the face of chaos? What liberation can be extracted from a simple break in routine? One thing’s for sure given the chance people will rise to the occasion and relish in freedom.

E.L.F. Burns Another Year

Damages to date in 2003: $55 Million – Over $100 Million since 1997.

The ELF was formed in Brighton, England in 1992 by Earth First! members realizing that their tactics must intensify if they were going to make an effort to truly save the environment. The following year they are said to have declared solidarity with the Animal Liberation Front. In February of 1994 Judi Bari wrote in the Earth First journal that she felt that Earth First! “should mainstream itself and leave the more radical tactics to the Earth Liberation Front.” Since then there have been a steady stream of successful actions .

September 19

Home arsons in California

Four homes under construction in San Diego are damaged by fire, with damage estimated at $1 million. A banner at the site is signed ELF.

September 5

SUVs vandalized in New Mexico

A dozen vehicles are spray-painted with graffiti, including “ELF”, at a Land Rover dealership in Santa Fe.

September 2

SUVs vandalized in Texas

Vandals shoot out windows with pellet guns, slash tires and “key” 22 vehicles at a Houston dealership. Damage: $60,000.

August 22

SUVs destroyed in California

About 100 vehicles, mostly SUVs, are destroyed or damaged at four auto dealerships in West Covina, Duarte, Arcadia and Monrovia, near Los Angeles. A warehouse at the West Covina dealership is also heavily damaged by fire. Combined damage is estimated at $2.5 million.

August 1

Condominium project torched in California

A 206-unit condominium project under construction in University City, San Diego, is destroyed by fire. Damage: $50 million. A banner left behind reads “If you build it, we will burn it. The E.L.F.s are mad.”

June 4

New homes torched in Michigan

Two nearly completed homes with a combined value of $700,000 are torched in Macomb County, west of Detroit. Graffiti at the scene reads “ELF – Stop Sprawl”.

April 29

SUVs defaced in California

About 60 SUVs, trucks and mobile homes at dealerships and outside homes are defaced with anti-war graffiti in Santa Cruz.

April 8

65 SUVs, trucks vandalized in California

45 SUVs and trucks are spray-painted with anti-war messages at the North Bay Ford and Lincoln Mercury dealership in Santa Cruz, as well as 18 or 20 vehicles parked in front of neighbors’ homes. The graffiti also includes references to ELF.

March 21

Navy Recruiting Station vehicles vandalized

Vehicles are vandalized at the Navy Recruiting Station in Montgomery, Alabama. Cargo truck is set ablaze, five other vehicles spray-painted with anti-war messages, including “E-L-F”. ELF claims guilt.

March 21

New homes torched in Michigan

Two homes under construction in the Superior Township, west of Detroit, are torched. When finished, they would have been valued at $500,000 each. Nearby graffiti says “no sprawl” and “ELF”. ELF claims guilt.

January 1

SUV attack in Pennsylvania USA: Four new sports utility vehicles areconsumed by fire at the Bob Ferrando dealership in Girard, Erie. Damage estimated at $90,000.

Infoshop Update

Here’s news about new Infoshops that have recently opened, plus a few that have closed. Enjoy.

Access Community Infoshop – Buffalo

They opened in May in what they say is a high traffic area. They feature high speed internet, a meeting space, a library, an art gallery plus coffee, tea and board games. Check ‘em out: 3180 Main St., Buffalo, NY 14214.

Brighter Days Infoshop – Lansing, MI

A volunteer run space that is used for workshops, parties, meetings, teach-ins, and more. They have a lending library as well as books, t-shirts, buttons, etc. for sale. Groups who are using the space including “Nightvision Study Group”, “Capital Area Greens”, and “Counter-Product” which is an independent high school zine. The founders report “We opened in August and things have been awesome!!!” 1914 E. Michigan Ave, Lansing, MI, 48912 (517) 367-6069

Flying Brick Library – Richmond, VA

We don’t know much about it. located at 506 South Pine Street, Richmond, VA, 23220 – 804.644.2544.

Bat Annex Center for Learning and Resources opens in Minneapolis

This space opened 2 months ago and features a free skool with a variety of classes 4-5 days a week focusing on self-empowerment. They are also open 3 days — Wed & Thurs 5-10 and Saturday 12-3 with a library, a good old fashioned typewriter, resources for making zines, internet access, coffee, and a space for meetings and events. They’re at 3024 Minnehaha Ave. Minneapolis, MN 55404 612 724-2161.

Evergreen Political Informaiton Center – Olympia, Washington

EPIC is the Everygreen State College spot for radical stuff. They have an Infoshop open Monday – Friday with books, literature and a film library. They host activities, and have an affinity group going to Miami for the FTAA. Visit ‘em if you’re passing through Olympia. Everygreen campus, CAB 320 space 1, Olympia, WA 98505, 360 867-6144.

May Day Infoshop still there – NYC

Ooops! The 2004 Slingshot Organizer says that May Day Infoshop in Manhattan is moving, but they only thought they were going to have to move when we called them. In fact, they fixed all the problems and they’re still at 151 1st Avenue, New York, 10003. They did lose their phone number. When they get a new one, we’ll let ‘ya know.

International contacts

Here are some new International contacts we just found out about:

* Autonomous Center of Edinburgh, 17 Montgomery Place, Edinburgh EH7 5HA 0131 557-6242

* Glasgow Women’s Library, 4th & 5th Floors, 109 Trongate, G1 5HD 0141 552 8345

* Faslane Peace camp, Shandon Helensburgh Argy11, g84 8NT, 01436 820 901

* Les Tounneries Infoshop, 17 Blvd. Chizago, Dijon France

Places that have closed:

• Black Oyster infoshop in Virginia seems to have closed.

• A-Zone in Chicago has just lost its physical location. You can still mail the collective at 1573 N. Milwaukee #420, Chicago, IL 60622.


Do you know of a new Infoshop or radical space on planet earth? Let us know and we’ll print news about it in next issue!

Justice For Camilo Vivieros

On July 31, 2000, in light of planned demonstrations for the Republican National Convention in Philadelphia, police raided the warehouse where activists were preparing signs and puppets, destroyed personal property and arrested 70. These illegal acts continued for the duration of the protests with police arresting anyone who looked like they intended to participate. Many protesters were beaten and wounded. In keeping with a too common police practice, most injured protesters were charged with assaulting the police while the opposite was true. One man had to have his ear stitched back onto his head. In jails, people were kept in severely overcrowded cells without basic necessities; medication was denied to diabetic and HIV positive prisoners; and many prisoners were further physically abused.

Camilo Viveiros was one of these hundreds arrested and treated brutally over those days of the Convention, but he had the misfortune of being charged with assaulting the top Philly cop: Police Commissioner Timoney. Those who know Camilo, a long-time regional organizer in southeastern Massachusetts and Cape Cod for the Mass Alliance of HUD Tenants, believe that it is unlikely that he committed any such assault.

Statement From Boston Friends Of Camilo

It has been just over three years since the massive arrests and civil liberties violations at the Republican National Convention in Philadelphia. After being beaten by police, Camilo Viveiros, a dedicated community organizer and housing advocate, was charged with several misdemeanors and felonies that carry a potential sentence of up to 30 years in jail! Most of the other 400 protesters’ cases have been dismissed; Camilo’s case is one of the only three still remaining.

Camilo’s case was recently transferred to a new judge, Judge William Mazzola. As a result, the October 27th trial date was changed to a scheduling conference in order to integrate Camilo’s case into the new judge’s calendar. It could be that the trial will only be delayed a few weeks, so we can not stop organizing. In fact, a few weeks might be crucial in getting more Philadelphia organizations on board supporting Camilo…we just need to approach them!

We must remain committed for the long haul and not allow prolonged postponements to diffuse our support. We should use additional time to build community and apply political pressure to ensure justice. Support letters from Philadelphia or national organizations are extremely useful for this. Also, a petetion is available for downloading from the website ( www.friendsofcamilo.org ), which can be taken to events and meetings to collect signatures.

Check friendsofcamilo.org for the new trial date and pass on this list of Things You Can Do to Help Camilo.

Things You Can Do To Support Camilo

1. Write a letter of support! Letters from individuals are important, and letters from organizations-community groups, tenant associations, union, religious congregations, etc. are powerful in demonstrating broad based concern. Letters are vitally important for convincing the judge of Camilo’s character, and for showing how much damage it would do to the community if he were imprisoned. Letter writing guidelines and sample letters can be found on the website. Please make two copies of the letter, one addressed to the “Honorable Judge Mazzola” and one addressed to “To Whom it May Concern” and send both copies to:

Friends of Camilo, P.O. Box 23169, Providence, RI 02903

2. Contact friends, associates or organizational affiliates and urge them to write letters as well, particularly those in Philadelphia, to help build pressure where it is needed most. National groups are also important.

3. Publicize information about Camilo’s case in your internal publications like newsletters, mailings, listservs or websites.

4. Download flyers and information packets from the website and distribute them.

5. Ask local organizations to distribute flyers.

6. Download the petition and get signatures.

7. Table at local events with literature and the petition.

8. Make an announcement about Camilo’s case at a meeting or public gathering.

9. Refer organizational or individual contacts to Boston Friends of Camilo.

10. Write a letter to the editor of your local newspaper to spread the word about Camilo’s case in your community.

11. Make a donation to help with legal fees (checks or money order can be made out to : Friends Of Camilo, P.O. Box 23169, Providence, RI 02903.

12. Pass the hat, take up collection.

13. Have a Camilo fundraiser/outreach event such as a cafe, music event or lecture.

14. Offer to donate your skills (artistic, writing, music, research, data entry, outreach, phone banking)

15. Plan to attend a solidarity event the first day of the trial.

16. Spread the word!

Drink Mead

Mead may well be the oldest recorded fermented beverage. The Celts were drinking it in 500 A.D. There are indications that the Greeks, Romans, Egyptians, Ethiopians, Scandinavians, Assyrian, Incas and Aztec used mead, both in festivals and as a religious drink. Honey, and by association, mead, have been attributed with such powers as that of an aphrodisiac, and it has been said that it imbues the drinker with attributes such as life, wisdom, courage and strength. Mead was popular until the 18th century, when sugar was developed. As the popularity rose and the price fell, sugar became the sweetener of choice and mead and other drinks made with honey became increasingly rare.

Making Mead

All you need is honey, water, yeast and a container. No boiling is required and infection is much less likely than in beer. Keep in mind that there are a thousand ways to make mead, and no one way is ‘correct’.

Equipment

A lot of the equipment listed can be found or made with little to no money with a bit of ingenuity. Just remember that you have to sterilize this stuff so, keep away from wood.Choose plastic, glass, enamel or stainless steel. And don’t use aluminum, as it will react with the acids in the mead.

*Yeast Starter Bottle (a quart Mason jar)

*Primary Fermenter – a 5 gallon food grade plastic pail is common

*Secondary Fermenter – 5 gallon glass carboy (bottle). (try glass shops or brewing stores)

*Siphon Hose for Racking

*Rubber Stoppers for the primary and secondary fermenters

*Air Lock (also known as a fermentation valve or bubbler)

*Sanitizing Solution Bleach: 2 tablespoons to a gallon of water.

*Scum Skimmer (tea strainer) for those who use raw honey

*Measuring Spoons

*Long-Handled Spoon in stainless steel

*Bottle brushes

*Funnel

*Bottles, Corks or Caps, and Corker/Capper Bottles are easy to come by. Be sure to sanitize them! Some people use screw top bottles, some use beer bottles and cap them (you can get cappers and caps at the brew shop). Standard wine bottles work and grolsch bottles with the flip top are a hot item.

*Brew Pot

*Racking Cane This is a rigid tube that fits down into the carboy. It connects to the siphon hose, and allows you to more easily siphon off the clear mead and leave the gunk behind.

*Bottle washer

*Bottle filler or bottling cane Hydrometer and acid testing equipment

Basic Mead Making Information

1.Sterilizing The Must (the mixture of honey and water)

You want to do this to kill off wild yeasts and other microorganisms that can spoil your developing mead, and you want to give the yeast the best chance to do it’s thing. To pasteurize dissolve the honey into 160 deg. F water and let it set at that temp for about 5 minutes. This is called ‘flash pasteurization’.

2.Considerations

Honey- The amount of honey will help determine how sweet your mead is. Dry meads use from 2.5-3 pounds of honey per gallon of must while sweet meads will need from 3-4 pounds of honey per gallon. Also, keep in mind that the of honey you use will greatly determine the flavor of your mead.

Water – Use the best water available.

Yeast – Your choice of yeast will also affect the mead’s flavor and sweetness.

3.Nutrients

Add raisins, bee pollen or bee larvae to provide lacking nutrients such as such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.

4.Acid

Add lemon zest and a bit of lemon juice to balance the acidity of the mead. Mead tends to lack in acidity which can make it too sweet.

5.Tannins

Tannin helps the brew work more efficiently and adds to the balance of the finished product. It also helps bind the protein and ride it out of the must, providing a clearer mead. Tannin affects the mead by providing an astringency that gives the mead it’s ‘punch’. You would add tannin to a mead that did *not* have hops, herbs or fruits. They generally don’t need it but it does work nicley in a plain mead. You can get tannins from black tea.

6.The First Two Weeks

Rubber Stoppers and Air locks are important for the first couple of weeks of fermentation after which the activity level of the yeast drops off, and you can siphon into the secondary fermenter. Stop the neck of the bottle with a drilled rubber stopper and fit it with an airlock. The bubbles in the airlock will tell you when your fermentation is nearly over.

7.Siphoning and Racking

This is what you use to take the mead from the primary fermenter to the secondary fermenter, and also for your subsequent rackings. You don’t want to pour the must (honey and water) from fermenter to fermenter, because it introduces oxygen, and that is *bad* in the latter part of the fermentation. Oxygen is also something that will encourage growth of acetobacter (the bug that makes vinegar!). Use a length of 5/16 inch hose, 3-8 feet long. Some folks use a racking cane, which can be a big help. You need to place your secondary fermenter below your primary fermenter, and start the rack by filling the hose with water and placing either end in each of the fermenters. Then let the water run, and it will pull the must with it. The purpose of racking is to get the mead off the sediment, so you set the end of the racking hose just above that, leaving the sediment behind.

Recipes

Poor Man’s Cyser (apple) Mead

8 quarts recipe :

Made in TWO batches, so 1/2 ingredients for each pot.

2 large pots.

64oz. apple juice

2 lbs honey.

6 packs of rapid rising active yeast.

8 TBS normal cane sugar.

4 (black) teabags.

4oz lemon juice.

4-5 2 liter coke bottles sterilized with soap and a little bleach

Balloons (20 ct).

Ice to cool (or patience)

Divide the recipe into two equal batches to boil in two pots with the apple juice, honey, sugar, and tea bags. Boil and stir for about 15-20 min. Scoop off the foam. Remove teabags and put ice into mixture to cool and wait 45 min or so until its tepid, warm to the touch. Take a 3 packs rapid rising active yeast dissolve in and mix (for each pot) into a cup warm water and add while stirring. Stir 5 min. Mix the yeast up. With a funnel, pour into bottles and add a balloon on the lip. Change Co2 about 4x daily. Wait a week and wait for the yeast and Co2 to settle and rack (pour) off into another container discarding the yeast and then cap the bottle off (only if balloons are no longer active or you must wait.) Ready in a week, kick ass in two or let it age, it only gets better. Although a non traditional recipe as far as some steps or ingredients, it makes a tasty mead that is about 16%-18% alcohol.

Blackberry Melomel

12 pounds clover honey

3 quarts water packed blackberries

water to 5 gallons

Wyeast #3632 Dry Mead liquid yeast 4.5 tsp mead yeast nutrient

Heat 2 gal. water to 160 and dissolve 10 pounds honey into it. Pasteurize for 15 minutes. Add 2 more gallons room temperature water to pail. Pitch yeast into must, and aerate. Seal and airlock for one month. After a month, rack the mead into another plastic pail onto the blackberries in a fine mesh bag. Add 25-50 oz of raspberries if you like. Let sit for one more month, then rack to a carboy, adding another 1.5 pounds of honey dissolved in water. In another month, rack again, topping off if necessary. This mead ferments out dry, with a good blackberry nose, and a nice body. Complex flavors, but clean.

Ginger Cinnamon Warmer

12 lbs (1 gal) honey

4 gal water

12 oz bruised ginger root

8 lg cinnamon sticks, crushed

4 c raisins

juice and rind of 1 orange (organic) and 2 lemons (organic)

1 pkg Wyeast dry mead yeast

yeast nutrient

Simmer 1 gal water at 160 d. F. Add honey and simmer, stirring to dissolve honey for 15 minutes. Pour into pail and add rest of water. Pitch yeast and nutrient when must drops below 80 d. F. Allow mead to ferment out. Boil 3-4 cups water and steep spices for 15-30 minutes. Let cool and pour into must. Rack mead, and age in carboy, racking when necessary (about once per month) for 6 months. If desired, use clearing agent such as bentonite to hasten clearing, and bottle.

Birch Mead

15 pounds unrefined honey

14 grams champange yeast

couple large peices birch bark – first outer layer

water

5 1/2 gallon glass carboy

cork

airlock

Heat 1 gallon water in large kettle and add paper thin birch bark.When hot slowly add honey while stirring, until honey is desolved. Do not boil. Strain into 5 1/2 gal. carboy. Top off with room temp water.seal. Wait 24 hours to add yeast. Add airlock, and wait. 4 months to ferment and a long time to settle but worth the wait.

The Dead with Names

This is a list of the 387 American and British soldiers killed in Iraq from the first day of the war until October 16, 2003. More are getting killed every day.

Slingshot attempted to find a list of Iraqis killed so far, but not surprisingly, neither the US government nor the US media is keeping a list. According to www.iraqbodycount.net, there have been at least 7,390 and as many as 9,193 Iraqi civilian deaths since the war started. This number does not include the number of military deaths, which is certainly many thousands more people, most of them innocent draftees.

In other words, the list of Iraqi names would be about 20 times longer than the list you see below, and would take up this entire issue of Slingshot. We don’t know any of their names.

Most everyone getting killed in Bush’s war of aggression — both Iraqis and American soldiers — are innocent people. The corporate shareholders who are making billions of dollars off sweetheart reconstruction contracts aren’t dying.

We hope you’ll post this list and the total number of Iraqi and American dead so people can consider the human costs of the war. Bring the troops home.

Capt. James F. Adamouski, 29

Pfc. Michael S. Adams, 20

Lt. Thomas Mullen Adams, 27

Spc. Jamaal R. Addison, 22

Capt. Tristan N. Aitken, 31

Cpl. Stephen John Allbutt, 35

Spc. Ronald D. Allen Jr., 22

Sapper Luke Allsopp, 24

Lance Cpl. Brian E. Anderson, 26

Spc. Michael Andrade, 28

Army Spc. Edward J. Anguiano, 24

Chief Warrant Officer Andrew Todd Arnold, 30

Spc. Richard Arriaga, 20

Cpl. Evan Asa Ashcraft, 24

Cpl. Russell Aston, 30

Maj. Jay Aubin, 36

Lance Cpl. Andrew Julian Aviles, 18

Sgt. Andrew Joseph Baddick, 26

Pfc. Chad E. Bales, 20

Maj. Stephen Ballard, N/A

Lt. Col. Dominic R. Baragona, 42

Spc. Jonathan P. Barnes, 21

Capt. Ryan Beaupre, 30

Fusilier Russell Beeston, 26

Sgt. Gregory A. Belanger, 24

Pfc. Wilfred D. Bellard, 20

Staff Sgt. Joseph P. Bellavia, 28

Sgt. 1st Class William M. Bennett, 35

Spc. Joel L. Bertoldie, 20

Cpl. Mark A. Bibby, 25

Sgt. Michael E. Bitz, 31

Lance Cpl. Thomas A. Blair, 24

Command Sgt. Maj. James D. Blankenbecler, 40

Sgt. Trevor A. Blumberg, 22

Gunnery Sgt. Jeffrey E. Bohr Jr., 39

Sgt. 1st Class Craig A. Boling, 38

Petty Officer 3rd Class Doyle W. Bollinger Jr., 21

Staff Sgt. Stevon A. Booker, 34

Spc. Mathew G. Boule, 22

Cpl. Travis J. Bradach-Nall, 21

Staff Sgt. Kenneth R. Bradley, 39

Lance Cpl. Shaun Andrew Brierley, 28

Sgt. Thomas F. Broomhead, 34

Cpl. Henry L. Brown, 22

Pfc. John E. Brown, 21

Spc. Larry K. Brown, 22

Spc. Lunsford B. Brown II, 27

Pfc. Timmy R. Brown Jr., 21

Lance Cpl. Cedric E. Bruns, 22

Spc. Roy Russell Buckley, 24

Lance Cpl. Brian Rory Buesing, 20

Sgt. George Edward Buggs, 31

Pvt. Matthew D. Bush, 20

Pfc. Tamario D. Burkett, 21

Sgt. Travis L. Burkhardt, 26

Sgt. Jacob L. Butler, 24

Capt. Joshua T. Byers, 29

Sgt. Charles T. Caldwell, 38

Spc. Nathaniel A. Caldwell, 27

Staff Sgt. Joseph Camara , 40

Cpl. Richard P. Carl, 26

Ryan G. Carlock, 25

Pfc. Jose Casanova, 23

Capt. Paul J. Cassidy, 36

Sgt. Sean K. Cataudella, 28

Staff Sgt. James W. Cawley, 41

Colour Sgt. John Cecil, 36

Cpl. Kemaphoom A. Chanawong- se, 22

Warrant Officer Robert William Channell Jr., 36

Pfc. Jonathan M. Cheatham, 19

2nd Lt. Therrel S. Childers, 30

Spc. Andrew F. Chris, 25

Spc. Brett T. Christian, 27

Trooper David Jeffrey Clarke, 19

Lance Cpl. Donald J. Cline Jr., 21

1st Sgt. Christopher D. Coffin, 51

Spc. Zeferino E. Colunga, 20

Sgt. Timothy M. Conneway, 22

Capt. Aaron J. Contreras, 31

Pfc. Ryan R. Cox, 19

Sgt.Michael T. Crockett, 27

Staff Sgt. Simon Cullingworth, 36

Spc. Daniel Francis J. Cunningham, 33

Cpl. Michael Edward Curtin, 23

Staff Sgt. Christopher E. Cutchall, 30

Capt. Eric B. Das, 30

Staff Sgt. Wilbert Davis, 40

Pvt. Jason L. Deibler, 20

Spc. Darryl T. Dent , 21

Pfc. Michael R. Deuel, 21

Pvt. Michael J. Deutsch, 21

Sgt. Michael E. Dooley, 23

1st Sgt. Robert J. Dowdy, 38

Staff Sgt. Richard S. Eaton Jr., 37

Pfc. Analaura Esparza Gutierrez, 21

Pvt. Ruben Estrella-Soto, 18

Pfc. David Evans Jr., 18

Lance Bombadier Llywelyn Karl Evans, 24

Cpl. Mark A. Evnin, 21

Capt. Brian R. Faunce, 28

Master Sgt. George A. Fernandez, 36

Spc. Jon P. Fettig, 30

Spc. Thomas A. Foley III, 23

Capt. Travis A. Ford, 30

Staff Sgt. Bobby C. Franklin, 38

Pvt. Robert L. Frantz, 19

Pvt. Benjamin L. Freeman, 19

Lance Cpl. David K. Fribley, 26

Sgt. David T. Friedrich, 26

Sgt. 1st Class Dan H. Gabrielson, 39

Cpl. Jose A. Garibay, 21

Sgt. Justin W. Garvey, 23

1st Sgt. Joe J. Garza, 43

Pfc. Juan Guadalupe Garza Jr., 20

Lance Cpl. Cory Ryan Geurin, 18

Pvt. Jonathan L. Gifford, 30

Pvt. Kyle C. Gilbert , 20

Pfc. Jesse A. Givens, 34

Spc. Michael T. Gleason, 25

Cpl. Armando Ariel Gonzalez, 25

Cpl. Jesus A. Gonzalez, 22

Cpl. Jorge A. Gonzalez, 20

Cpl. Bernard G. Gooden, 22

Spc. Richard A. Goward, 32

Lt. Philip D. Green, 31

Cpl. Sean R. Grilley, 24

Spc. Kyle A. Griffin, 20

Staff Sgt. Patrick Lee Griffin Jr., 31

Chief Warrant Officer Hans N. Gukeisen, 31

Pfc. Christian D. Gurtner, 19

Lance Cpl. Jose Gutierrez, 22

Capt. Philip Stuart Guy, 29

Pvt. Jesse M. Halling, 19

Chief Warrant Officer Erik A. Halvorsen, 40

Sgt. Simon Alexander Hamilton- Jewell, 41

Sgt. Atanacio Haro Marin, 27

Spc. Kenneth W. Harris Jr., 23

Sgt. Nathaniel Hart Jr., 29

Leonard Harvey, 55

Spc. Justin W. Hebert, 20

Sholto Hedenskog, 27

Sgt. Les Hehir, 34

Pfc. Raheen Tyson Heighter, 22

Staff Sgt. Brian R. Hellerman, 35

Staff Sgt. Terry W. Hemingway, 39

Edward J. Herrgott, 20

Sgt. Nicholas M. Hodson, 22

Staff Sgt. Lincoln D. Hollinsaid, 27

Spc. Corey A. Hubbell, 20

Spc. Eric R. Hull, 23

Lance Cpl. Matty Hull , 25

Spc. Simeon Hunte, 23

Pvt. Nolen R. Hutchings, 19

Pfc. Gregory P. Huxley Jr., 19

Lance Cpl. Benjamin John McGowan Hyde, 23

Spc. Craig S. Ivory, 26

Chief Warrant Officer Scott Jamar, 32

Cpl. Evan T. James, 21

Spc. William A. Jeffries, 39

Army Sgt. Troy David Jenkins, 25

Pfc. Howard Johnson II, 21

Hospital Corpsman Michael Vann Johnson Jr., 25

Capt. David Jones, 29

Pvt. Devon D. Jones, 19

Lt. Kylan A. Jones- Huffman, 31

Sgt. Jason D. Jordan, 24

Staff Sgt. Phillip A. Jordan, 42

Spc. Spencer T. Karol, 20

2nd Lt. Jeffrey J. Kaylor, 24

Spc. Chad L. Keith, 21

Cpl. Brian Kennedy, 25

Pvt. Andrew Joseph Kelly, 18

Lance Cpl. Thomas Richard Keys, 20

Spc. James M. Kiehl, 22

Staff Sgt. Kevin C. Kimmerly, 31

Spc. Levi B. Kinchen, 21

Lt. Antony King, 35

Pfc. David M. Kirchhoff, 31

Lance Cpl. Nicholas Brian Kleiboeker, 19

Spc. John K. Klinesmith Jr., 25

Sgt. Floyd G. Knighten Jr., 55

Capt. Edward J. Korn, 31

Sgt. Bradley S. Korthaus, 28

Lance Cpl. Jakub Henryk Kowalik, 21

Sgt. Michael V. Lalush, 23

Lance Cpl. Alan Dinh Lam, 19

Spc. James I. Lambert III, 22

Sgt. Jonathan W. Lambert, 28

Capt. Andrew David La Mont, 31

Staff Sgt. William T. Latham, 29

Lt. Marc A. Lawrence, 26

Staff Sgt. Mark A. Lawton, 41

Spc. Cedric L. Lennon, 32

Spc. Farao K. Letufuga , 20

Capt. James Linton, 43

Staff Sgt. Nino D. Livaudais, 23

Cpl. Paul Graham Long, 24

Spc. Ryan P. Long, 21

Spc. Zachariah W. Long, 20

Pfc. Duane E. Longstreth, 19

Staff Sgt. David L. Loyd, 44

Capt. Robert L. Lucero, 34

Lance Cpl. Gregory E. MacDonald, 29

Pfc. Vorn J. Mack, 19

Christopher R. Maddison, 24

Lance Cpl. Joseph B. Maglione, 22

Spc. William J. Maher III, 35

Flight Lt. Kevin Barry Main, 37

Lance Cpl. Ian Keith Malone, 28

Pfc. Pablo Manzano, 19

Cpl. Douglas Jose Marencoreyes, 28

Sgt. 1st Class John W. Marshall, 50

Pfc. Francisco A. Martinez Flores, 21

Chief Warrant Officer Johnny Villareal Mata, 35

Staff Sgt. Donald C. May Jr., 31

Pfc. Joseph P. Mayek, 20

Lance Cpl. James McCue, 27

Spc. Dustin K. McGaugh, 20

Sgt. Brian D. McGinnis, 23

Hospitalman Joshua McIntosh, 22

Pvt. Robert L. McKinley, 23

1st Lt. Brian M. McPhillips, 25

Sgt. Heath A. McMillin, 29

Cpl. Jesus Martin Antonio Medellin, 21

Gunnery Sgt. Joseph Menusa, 33

Spc. Gil Mercado, 25

Sgt. Daniel K. Methvin, 22

Pfc. Jason M. Meyer, 23

Cpl. Jason David Mileo, 20

Pfc. Anthony S. Miller, 19

Staff Sgt. Frederick L. Miller Jr., 27

Cpl. Simon Miller , 21

Spc. George A. Mitchell, 35

Sgt. Keman L. Mitchell, 24

Lance Cpl. Jason William Moore, 21

Master Sgt. Kevin N. Morehead, 33

Petty Officer 3rd Class David J. Moreno, 26

Staff Sgt. Chris Muir, 32

Piper Christopher Muzvuru, 21

Spc. Paul T. Nakamura, 21

Pvt. Kenneth A. Nalley, 19

Maj. Kevin G. Nave, 36

Spc. Rafael L. Navea, 34

Pfc. Gavin L. Neighbor, 20

Spc. Joshua M. Neusche, 20

Sgt. John Nightingale, 32

Lance Cpl. Patrick R. Nixon, 21

Spc. Joseph C. Norquist, 26

1st Lt. Leif E. Nott, 24

Spc. David T. Nutt, 22

Spc. Donald S. Oaks Jr., 20

Pfc. Branden F. Oberleitner, 20

Lance Cpl. Patrick T. O’Day, 20

Spc. Richard P. Orengo, 32

Lt. Col. Kim S. Orlando, 43

Lance Cpl. Eric J. Orlowski, 26

1st Lt. Osbaldo Orozco, 26

Pfc. Kevin C. Ott, 27

Lance Cpl. David Edward Owens Jr., 20

Sgt. Fernando Padilla- Ramirez, 26

Pvt. Shawn D. Pahnke, 25

Pfc. Daniel R. Parker, 18

Pfc. Kristian E. Parker, 23

Sgt. David B. Parson , 30

Master Sgt. William L. Payne, 46

Sgt. Michael F. Pedersen, 26

Staff Sgt. Hector R. Perez, 40

Spc. Jose A. Perez III, 22

Pfc. Wilfredo Perez Jr., 24

Staff Sgt. David S. Perry, 36

Spc. Alyssa R. Peterson, 27

Staff Sgt. Brett J. Petriken, 30

Sgt. 1st Class Gladimir Philippe, 37

Pfc. Lori Piestewa, 22

Spc. James H. Pirtle, 18

2nd Lt. Frederick E. Pokorney Jr., 31

Staff Sgt. Andrew R. Pokorny, 30

Sgt. Darrin K. Potter, 24

Spc. James E. Powell, 26

Pvt. Kelley S. Prewitt, 24

Cpl. Dewi Pritchard, 35

Gunner Duncan Geoffrey Pritchard, 22

Sgt. Jaror C. Puello- Coronado, 36

Staff Sgt. Michael B. Quinn, 37

Pfc. Brandon Ramsey, 21

Sgt. 1st Class Randall S. Rehn, 36

Sgt. Brendon C. Reiss, 23

Spc. Ramon Reyes Torres, 29

Sgt. Sean C. Reynolds, 25

Pfc. Diego Fernando Rincon, 19

Sgt. Duane R. Rios, 25

Capt. Russell B. Rippetoe, 27

Cpl. John T. Rivero, 23

Sgt. Todd J. Robbins, 33

Sgt. Steven Mark Roberts, 33

Staff Sgt. Joseph E. Robsky, Jr., 31

Pfc. Marlin T. Rockhold, 23

Pfc. Jose Francis Gonzalez Rodriguez, 19

Cpl. Robert M. Rodriguez, 21

Sgt. 1st Class Robert E. Rooney, 43

Cpl. Randal Kent Rosacker, 21

Spc. Brandon J. Rowe, 20

Sgt. Roger D. Rowe, 54

1st Lt. Jonathan D. Rozier, 25

1st Lt. Timothy Louis Ryan, 30

Spc. Rasheed Sahib, 22

Capt. Benjamin W. Sammis, 29

Spc. Gregory P. Sanders, 19

Staff Sgt. Barry Sanford Sr., 46

Staff Sgt. Cameron B. Sarno, 43

Staff Sgt. Scott D. Sather, 29

Maj. Mathew E. Schram, 36

Spc. Christian C. Schulz, 20

Pfc. Kerry D. Scott, 21

Spc. Stephen M. Scott, 21

Capt. Christopher Scott Seifert, 27

Sgt. Juan M. Serrano, 31

Mechanic (Comm.) Second Class Ian Seymour, 28

Lance Cpl. Karl Shearer, 24

Cpl. David John Shepherd, 34

Lt. Col. Anthony L. Sherman, 43

Cpl. Erik H. Silva, 22

Pvt. Sean A. Silva, 23

Sgt. Leonard D. Simmons, 33

Pfc. Charles M. Sims, 18

Pfc. Christopher A. Sisson, 20

Pfc. Brandon Sloan, 19

Lance Cpl. Thomas J. Slocum, 22

Pfc. Corey L. Small, 20

1st Sgt. Edward Smith, 38

Chief Warrant Officer Eric A. Smith, 41

Pvt. Jason Smith, 32

Pfc. Jeremiah D. Smith, 25

Lance Cpl. Matthew R. Smith, 20

Spc. Orenthial J. Smith, 21

Sgt. 1st Class Paul R. Smith, 33

Sgt. Roderic A. Solomon, 32

Cpl. Tomas Sotelo Jr., 20

Lance Cpl. Barry ‘Baz’ Stephen, 31

Staff Sgt. Robert A. Stever, 36

Maj. Gregory Stone, 40

Sgt. Kirk Allen Straseskie, 23

Warrant Officer 2nd Class Mark Stratford, 39

Spc. Paul J. Sturino, 21

Lance Cpl. Jesus A. Suarez Del Solar, 20

Spc. Joseph D. Suell, 24

Spc. Narson B. Sullivan, 21

Staff Sgt. Christopher W. Swisher, 26

Staff Sgt. Riayan A. Tejeda, 26

Lance Cpl. Jason Andrew Tetrault, 20

Spc. Kyle G. Thomas, 23

Sgt. Anthony O. Thompson, 26

Spc. Jarrett B. Thompson, 27

Maj. Matthew Titchener, 32

Spc. Brandon S. Tobler, 19

2nd Lt. Richard Torres , 25

Sgt. Michael L. Tosto, 24

Fusilier Kelan John Turrington, 18

Lt. Alexander Tweedie, 25

Sgt. Melissa Valles, 26

Chief Warrant Officer Brian K. Van Dusen, 39

Warrant Officer Colin Wall, 34

Sgt. Donald Walters, 33

Maj. Jason Ward, 34

Staff Sgt. Kendall Damon Waters-Bey, 29

Maj. William R. Watkins III, 37

Spc. Douglas J. Weismantle, 28

Pfc. Michael Russell Creighton Weldon, 20

Spc. Jeffrey M. Wershow, 22

Lt. Philip West, 32

Spc. Donald L. Wheeler, 22

Sgt. Mason Douglas Whetstone, 30

Staff Sgt. Aaron Dean White, 27

Lt. Nathan D. White, 30

Sgt. Steven W. White, 29

Lance Cpl. William W. White, 24

Flight Lt. David Rhys Williams, 37

Sgt. Eugene Williams, 24

Lt. James Williams, 28

Lance Cpl. Michael J. Williams, 31

Spc. Michael L. Williams, 46

Sgt. Taft V. Williams, 29

Sgt. 1st Class Christopher R. Willoughby, 29

Lt. Andrew S. Wilson, 36

Spc. James C. Wright, 27

Pfc. Stephen E. Wyatt, 19

Sgt. Henry Ybarra III, 32